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If this privilege is later revoked, you can drop the trigger but not alter it.The object privileges to the schema objects referenced in the trigger body must be granted to the trigger owner explicitly (not through a role).For example, a table and a trigger can have the same name (however, to avoid confusion, this is not recommended). If a triggering statement includes a column list, the trigger fires only when one of the specified columns is updated.

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Here's my trigger create or replace trigger update_or_insert berfore INSERT or UPDATE ON my_table for each row begin if inserting then :new.

This statement can be used with any interactive tool, such as SQL*Plus or Enterprise Manager.

The statements in the trigger body operate under the privilege domain of the trigger owner, not the privilege domain of the user issuing the triggering statement (this is similar to the privilege model for stored subprograms).

0) DECLARE sal_diff number; BEGIN sal_diff := : NEW. SAL; dbms_output.put('Old salary: ' || : OLD.sal); dbms_output.put(' New salary: ' || : NEW.sal); dbms_output.put_line(' Difference ' || sal_diff); END; / keyword if you want the trigger to query or change the same table, because triggers can only do that after the initial changes are applied and the table is back in a consistent state.

When using an interactive tool, a single slash (/) on the last line is necessary to activate the 0) DECLARE sal_diff number; BEGIN sal_diff := :- :old.sal; dbms_output.put('Old salary: ' || :old.sal); dbms_output.put(' New salary: ' || :new.sal); dbms_output.put_line(' Difference ' || sal_diff); END; / keyword if you want the trigger to query or change the same table, because triggers can only do that after the initial changes are applied and the table is back in a consistent state.

Because the trigger uses the clause, it might be executed multiple times, such as when updating or deleting multiple rows.If a triggering statement omits a column list, the trigger is fired when any column of the associated table is updated. These statements are run if the triggering statement is entered and if the trigger restriction (if included) evaluates to CONNECT system/manager GRANT ADMINISTER DATABASE TRIGGER TO scott; CONNECT scott/tiger CREATE TABLE audit_table ( seq number, user_at VARCHAR2(10), time_now DATE, term VARCHAR2(10), job VARCHAR2(10), proc VARCHAR2(10), enum NUMBER); CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE foo (c VARCHAR2) AS BEGIN INSERT INTO Audit_table (user_at) VALUES(c); END; CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER logontrig AFTER LOGON ON DATABASE -- Just call an existing procedure.A column list cannot be specified for CREATE TABLE Project_tab ( Prj_level NUMBER, Projno NUMBER, Resp_dept NUMBER); CREATE TABLE Emp_tab ( Empno NUMBER NOT NULL, Ename VARCHAR2(10), Job VARCHAR2(9), Mgr NUMBER(4), Hiredate DATE, Sal NUMBER(7,2), Comm NUMBER(7,2), Deptno NUMBER(2) NOT NULL); CREATE TABLE Dept_tab ( Deptno NUMBER(2) NOT NULL, Dname VARCHAR2(14), Loc VARCHAR2(13), Mgr_no NUMBER, Dept_type NUMBER); CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW manager_info AS SELECT e.ename, e.empno, d.dept_type, d.deptno, p.prj_level, p.projno FROM Emp_tab e, Dept_tab d, Project_tab p WHERE e.empno = d.mgr_no AND d.deptno = p.resp_dept; CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER manager_info_insert INSTEAD OF INSERT ON manager_info REFERENCING NEW AS n -- new manager information FOR EACH ROW DECLARE rowcnt number; BEGIN SELECT COUNT(*) INTO rowcnt FROM Emp_tab WHERE empno = :n.empno; IF rowcnt = 0 THEN INSERT INTO Emp_tab (empno,ename) VALUES (:n.empno, :n.ename); ELSE UPDATE Emp_tab SET Emp_tab.ename = :n.ename WHERE Emp_tab.empno = :n.empno; END IF; SELECT COUNT(*) INTO rowcnt FROM Dept_tab WHERE deptno = :n.deptno; IF rowcnt = 0 THEN INSERT INTO Dept_tab (deptno, dept_type) VALUES(:n.deptno, :n.dept_type); ELSE UPDATE Dept_tab SET Dept_tab.dept_type = :n.dept_type WHERE Dept_tab.deptno = :n.deptno; END IF; SELECT COUNT(*) INTO rowcnt FROM Project_tab WHERE Project_tab.projno = :n.projno; IF rowcnt = 0 THEN INSERT INTO Project_tab (projno, prj_level) VALUES(:n.projno, :n.prj_level); ELSE UPDATE Project_tab SET Project_tab.prj_level = :n.prj_level WHERE Project_tab.projno = :n.projno; END IF; END; triggers can also be created over nested table view columns. The ORA_LOGIN_USER is a function -- that returns information about the event that fired the trigger.These triggers provide a way of updating elements of the nested table. CALL foo (ora_login_user) / CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE Before_delete (Id IN NUMBER, Ename VARCHAR2) IS language Java name 'thjv Triggers.before Delete ( CHAR)'; CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER Pre_del_trigger BEFORE DELETE ON Tab FOR EACH ROW CALL Before_delete (:old. Ename) Within a trigger body of a row trigger, the PL/SQL code and SQL statements have access to the old and new column values of the current row affected by the triggering statement.They fire for each nested table element being modified. Two correlation names exist for every column of the table being modified: one for the old column value, and one for the new column value.Include a counter variable in your package to detect this situation.

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