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It was then merged with the adjacent, British colony of Nova Scotia (present day peninsular Nova Scotia and New Brunswick).
Acadians who had been expelled from Nova Scotia and Île Royale were permitted to settle in Cape Breton beginning in 1764, and established communities in north-western Cape Breton, near Cheticamp, and southern Cape Breton, on and near Isle Madame.
The eastern and southern coasts front the Atlantic Ocean; its eastern coast also forms the western limits of the Cabot Strait.
The French also built the Louisbourg Lighthouse in 1734, the first lighthouse in Canada and one of the first in North America.
In addition to Cape Breton Island, the French colony of Île Royale also included Île Saint-Jean, today called Prince Edward Island, and Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine. The French population of Île Royale was deported to France after each siege.
This ocean-centric lifestyle did, however, make them among the first indigenous peoples to discover European explorers and sailors fishing in the St Lawrence Estuary. However, European histories and maps of the period are of too poor quality to be sure whether Cabot first visited Newfoundland or Cape Breton Island.
This discovery is commemorated by Cape Breton's Cabot Trail, and by the Cabot's Landing Historic Site & Provincial Park, near the village of Dingwall.
Although the island is physically separated from the Nova Scotia peninsula by the Strait of Canso, the 1,385 m (4,544 ft) long rock-fill Canso Causeway connects it to mainland Nova Scotia.
The island is east-northeast of the mainland with its northern and western coasts fronting on the Gulf of Saint Lawrence; its western coast also forms the eastern limits of the Northumberland Strait.
The local Mi'kmaq peoples began trading with European fishermen when the fishermen began landing in their territories as early as the 1520s.
In about 1521–22, the Portuguese under João Álvares Fagundes established a fishing colony on the island.
One of the world's larger salt water lakes, Bras d'Or ("Arm of Gold" in French), dominates the island's centre.
The island is divided into four of Nova Scotia's eighteen counties: Cape Breton, Inverness, Richmond, and Victoria.
These peoples and their progeny inhabited the island (known as Unama'ki) for several thousand years and continue to live there to this day.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating