All dating in rwanda

Less than 10 percent of Rwanda's population also speaks French, and a small portion speaks English, primarily refugees returned from Uganda and Kenya.Kinyarwanda is the primary cultural identifier for Rwandans living outside Rwanda. Historically, Rwanda's three ethnic groups have been identified with distinct aspects of the economy: the Tutsi with cattle, the Hutu with the land, and Twa with the forests.As a result, the size and ethnic breakdown of the population are thought to be roughly comparable today to that before the 1994 war.

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Rwanda rises from relatively flat plains in the east along the Tanzania border to steep mountains in the west along the continental divide between the Congo and Nile rivers.

From the continental divide, the land drops sharply to the shores of Lake Kivu, which forms most of Rwanda's border with Congo.

A range of high volcanoes forms Rwanda's northwest border.

The mountainous topography continues in the North Kivu region of Congo, where almost half of the population identifies as Rwandan.

Land pressures throughout the densely populated region encouraged increasing political centralization, particularly among cattle-raising people, who feared the loss of pasture land to encroaching cultivation.

The kingdom of Rwanda was founded in the sixteenth century in what is today eastern Rwanda, then moved west to modern central Rwanda, where it developed a unifying social system and a strong army and began to expand, incorporating neighboring kingdoms and chieftaincies through conquest or alliance.

Christianity became an important source of national symbols, with almost all national leaders openly identifying as Christians, the large majority as Catholic.

Since the Tutsi retook power in 1994, historic symbols such as cattle have been revived, and a strong political faction has called for the reinstallation of the monarchy as a means of reunifying the country's ethnic groups. Rwanda traces its origins to one of the many small kingdoms that emerged in the Great Lakes region of Central Africa beginning five hundred years ago.

A system of cattle vassalage bound local communities together and tied them to the monarchy.

Areas outside the central kingdom retained their distinct political and social organizations to varying degrees, with some chief-taincies merely paying tribute to the Rwandan king, but remaining otherwise autonomous.

Each group had distinct roles in public rituals, and each group had a distinctive mode of dress.

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